Royal Household Staff 1526-1924
About the Royal Household Staff records
Search over 386,000 Royal Household employment records and discover whether your ancestors worked for the British Royal Family.
The records cover staff employed at Royal residences across the UK between 1526 and 1924. This date range includes the reigns of King Charles I, Queen Victoria and King George V.
What can these records tell me about my ancestors?
This collection includes a number of different types of document, so you may find that your ancestors appear more than once. The information listed varies, but the records usually include a combination of the following details:
- Dates of employment
- Salary or wages
- Pension or other payments made to the employee
- Career history
- Date of death
You may also find your ancestor's signature, information about their WW1 service or the reason their employment ended.
What do the records look like?
Each record includes an image, or multiple images, of original documents held at the Royal Archives.
The collection includes a number of different types of document – click on the samples below to see a selection of these:
Which records are included in this collection?
The records fall into three main sections: Royal Household establishment lists, Royal Household index sheets and Royal Household payment and employment lists. Between them they contain extensive, but not complete, lists of Royal Household employees back to the 16th century.
Royal Household establishment lists
- Royal Household Establishment Lists 1854-1924
(Royal Archives reference PERSO/EB)
- Royal Household Establishment Books 1526-1920
(Royal Archives reference EB/EB)
- Establishment Lists for Lord Chamberlain's Department 1837-1924
(Royal Archives reference LC/LCO/EB)
- Establishment Lists for Master of the Household's Department 1835-1924
(Royal Archives reference MRH/MRH/EB)
- Establishment Lists for the Royal Mews 1717-1924
(Royal Archives reference MEWS/EB)
Royal Household index sheets
- Royal Household Index 1660-1901
(Royal Archives reference GB)
These index sheets relate to Royal employees and tradespersons. They have been compiled from records held at the Royal Archives and The National Archives, plus various printed sources.
Royal Household payment and employment lists
- Lists of Pensions and Allowances 1814-1924
(multiple Royal Archives references, including PPTO/PP/HH, PPTO/PP/PEN and PPTO/TO/CL)
- Lists of Salaries and Wages 1817-1924
(multiple Royal Archives references, including MEWS/SB, PPTO/PP/BAND and VIC/ADDA21)
- Royal Household Account Books 1730-1845
(multiple Royal Archives references, including GEO/ADD17, GEO/MAIN and VIC/ADDO)
- Royal Household Staff Details 1715-1924
(multiple Royal Archives references, including MRH/MRH/HH, MRH/SUPTWC and VIC/ADD/L)
- Royal Mews Warrant Books 1760-1867
(Royal Archives reference MEWS/WB)
Find out more
How to search the Royal Household Staff records
We only need the first or last name of an ancestor to start searching these records for you. This is the only required piece of information – everything else is optional.
It's always best to start searching with basic information, like your ancestor's first and last name. If there are too many results, you can refine your search and add more detail.
You can click the 'refine search' button on the results page to return to this search box and add more information.
If you know when your ancestor worked in the Royal Household
If a basic search returns too many results, you could try adding a year.
This year relates to the point that your ancestor's name appears in the records. This may have been when they began their employment, when it ended or it could have been a point between those dates.
You can use the '+/-' option to search a number of years either side of the date you enter.
If your ancestor had a title
Simple titles have been captured in the first names field. For example, if you are looking for Lady Augusta Bruce, you can search for her by typing 'Lady Augusta' in the first names field and 'Bruce' in the last name field.
You can also search for 'Lady Augusta' in the first names field without a last name and the search will return all the individuals with that combination of title and first name.
You can also search for 'Prince' in the first names field (again without a last name) and the search will return all entries with the word 'Prince' anywhere in that field.
Compound titles have been captured using the first names field and the last name field. For example, if you are looking for Hugh Lupus Duke of Westminster, you can search for him by entering 'Hugh Lupus Duke' in the first names field and 'Westminster' in the last name field.
Similarly, you can search for Orlando George Charles Earl of Bradford by entering 'Orlando George Charles Earl' in the first names field and 'Bradford' in the last name field.
This also means that you can search for all entries for all the Earls of Bradford by searching under 'Bradford' as a last name.
Please note, however, that names and titles have not been standardised. We have recorded the names as they appear in the original text. It is possible that, taking Orlando George Charles Earl of Bradford as an example, there may be other references to him as, say, The Rt Hon Earl of Bradford, or under his actual last name (Bridgeman) or under another title (he was also known as Viscount Newport).
Can't find who you're looking for?
- Keep the 'include variants' boxes underneath the name fields ticked. This means your search results will include spelling variations of the names you've entered.
- If your ancestor's name could be easily misspelled, try using a wildcard search. Just use a * symbol in place of a letter or multiple letters. For example, instead of searching for Jennings you could search for Je*ngs or *enning*.
- Try searching with just a last name – leave the first name(s) and year boxes empty. Those facts may not have been recorded as you would expect, so the details you enter could exclude relevant results.