The Illustrated Police News was one of Britain's very first tabloids, and one of the first periodicals to tap into the British public's morbid appetite for crime and sensation. Founded in 1843, the rag was partly inspired by the success of The Illustrated London News. The ILN launched in 1842 and its success had revealed the public's appetite for illustrated news reports. Early editions of The Illustrated Police News consisted of one pictorial page and three text pages in folio. It was originally priced at one penny and did remarkably well with a weekly circulation of around 175,000 copies, most sold in Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham.
Gruesome and Grisly News From Around the UK
The Illustrated Police News' reporters would scour vast quantities of newsprint from across the Empire, Europe and the United States in order to bring their readers stories of the latest assaults, outrages, tragedies and murders. All of which were delightfully described in lurid detail, with vivid illustrations to match. It was considered a workingman's newspaper and was frequently condemned for appealing to lowbrow tastes, yet it was not the stories printed that attracted the most criticism. The lewd and graphic illustrations of blood spurting from wounds, women's faces twisted in terror as they were attacked by cruel husbands and hosts of scantily clad sleepwalkers who always happened to be attractive young ladies, brought the lion's share of disapproval.
In fact, an 1886 article found in our collection of historic newspapers reveals that the Illustrated Police News was once voted the 'worst newspaper in England' by readers of the Pall Mall Gazette. In this article, a gazette reporter describes visiting the IPN's proprietor, a Mr George Purkiss, at his office in the 'neck' of the Strand in London. Purkiss was described as a, 'stout, comfortable- looking man of middle age, medium height, and dark complexion.'
Mr Purkiss claimed to have half a dozen accomplished artists on his permanent staff in London, and somewhere between 70 and 100 freelance artists spread out across the country who provided, 'the best portraits published by any journal, not excluding The Illustrated London News and the Graphic'. Accuracy was of high importance and Purkiss described how artists would be deployed to the scene of, 'terrible murder or extraordinary incident,' the second that news reached the London Office.
'I acknowledge it to be a sensational newspaper,' said Mr. Purkiss, though he insisted that, 'barring the sensational illustrations, there is nothing in the paper to which objection can reasonably be taken.' He argued that rather than glorifying crime, his paper prevented it by warning of its horrors and terrible consequences. He even argued his paper may act, 'as an encouragement to a good life,' and explained how criminals would go to great lengths to prevent their likeness appearing in its pages.
'I know what people say,' concluded Mr. Purkiss, 'but as I replied to a friend who asked me why I did not produce some other paper than the Police News, "We can't all have Timeses and Telegraphs, and if we can't have the Telegraph or the Times, we must put up with the Police News."'
Purkiss died of Tuberculosis in 1892 but the IPN continued reporting on the strange and grotesque until 1938.