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Origins of the Baxter surname

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What does the name Baxter mean?

The origin of the Baxter surname is thought to be the female form of 'baker', with variants having come from the same point. Much like the masculine form, it is Anglo-Saxon and have come from the English-Scottish border region, though it is common enough to have spread across Britain and the English-speaking world. It's an occupational name, coming from the Old English word 'baecere', which means to dry with heat. Early holders may not have only baked bread, and may also have owned a communal oven.

Alternative variations of the name Baxter

Baxter, Backster, Baxtar, Backstar, Bakster

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Where do most Baxters live?

In 1921, most Baxters lived in London.

Census records trace your ancestors through each generation, so you can follow where your relatives lived through each decade.

Interesting facts about Baxters

How common is your surname?

218th most common surname in the UK

We have 166,000 records for the Baxter surname. The oldest one dates back to 1317.

Who were Baxters most likely to marry?




Our Marriage record sets tell us which families married Baxters.

What are the most common Baxter first names?

  • John
  • William
  • Mary
  • Elizabeth

Our birth record sets tell us the names of Baxter family members

Common jobs for Baxters

Men and women often performed different types of jobs, so these are displayed by gender to maintain their historical accuracy.

Common Female occupations for Baxters in 1921


Domestic Servant




General Servant Domestic




Common Male occupations for Baxters in 1921
Coal Miner


Agricultural Labourer


General Labourer




Farm Labourer


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We found over 140,000 family trees with the Baxter surname

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