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Origins of the Hughes surname

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What does the name Hughes mean?

Hughes is an anglicised surname that is widespread in Wales and Ireland, although most often found in Anglesey. It is mostly patronymic, derived from the 'son of Hugh/Hu/Huw'. In Ireland the origins of the surname Hughes are thought to be similar, particularly in the North where settlers are believed to have brought the name with them on their arrival in the plantation of Ulster, although the root is also believed to be from the Irish name 'O hAodha, meaning 'descendant of Aodh' which was anglicised to 'Hugh'.

Alternative variations of the name Hughes

Hughes, Hugh, Hews, Hughs, Huse

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Where do most Hugheses live?

In 1921, most Hugheses lived in London.

Census records trace your ancestors through each generation, so you can follow where your relatives lived through each decade.

Interesting facts about Hugheses

How common is your surname?

29th most common surname in the UK

We have 853,000 records for the Hughes surname. The oldest one dates back to 1532.

Who were Hugheses most likely to marry?




Our Marriage record sets tell us which families married Hugheses.

What are the most common Hughes first names?

  • John
  • William
  • Mary
  • Elizabeth

Our birth record sets tell us the names of Hughes family members

Common jobs for Hugheses

Men and women often performed different types of jobs, so these are displayed by gender to maintain their historical accuracy.

Common Female occupations for Hugheses in 1921


Domestic Servant


General Servant Domestic


House Servant


General Servant


Common Male occupations for Hugheses in 1921
Coal Miner




General Labourer


Agricultural Labourer


Coal Miner Hewer


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We found over 540,000 family trees with the Hughes surname

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