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Origins of the Marshall surname

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What does the name Marshall mean?

The Marshall surname is English in origin, and thought to have arrived with the Norman conquest, appearing in records as early as the 1100s. Marshall is believed to be an occupational surname, coming from the same root as the French 'marechal' (farrier or horse-servant). It was given to those who worked with horses, from the masters of horses (the title itself later became applied to those who were in dignified and honourable office) to those who cared for them as grooms or farriers. More rarely, the surname Marshall could be applied to someone who had a particular love of horses and their descendants.

Alternative variations of the name Marshall

Marshall, Marshal, Marischal, Marshell, Marshel

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Where do most Marshalls live?

In 1921, most Marshalls lived in Yorkshire.

Census records trace your ancestors through each generation, so you can follow where your relatives lived through each decade.

Interesting facts about Marshalls

How common is your surname?

56th most common surname in the UK

We have 492,000 records for the Marshall surname. The oldest one dates back to 1220.

Who were Marshalls most likely to marry?




Our Marriage record sets tell us which families married Marshalls.

What are the most common Marshall first names?

  • John
  • William
  • Mary
  • Elizabeth

Our birth record sets tell us the names of Marshall family members

Common jobs for Marshalls

Men and women often performed different types of jobs, so these are displayed by gender to maintain their historical accuracy.

Common Female occupations for Marshalls in 1921


Domestic Servant




General Servant Domestic




Common Male occupations for Marshalls in 1921
Agricultural Labourer


Coal Miner


General Labourer






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