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Origins of the Cox surname

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What does the name Cox mean?

The origin of the Cox surname is varied and the name is found throughout Britain, particularly in England and Wales. It may be topographical, and refer to the Old English 'cock' (heap or hill), and given to a person who lived on or near hills. Cox could also come from the Old English 'cocc' (little), and be used as a descriptive name, or a term of endearment for someone who was in a position of power or particularly large. In Wales the surname Cox is thought to come from the Welsh 'coch' (red), and be given to someone who has red hair or complexion. The other possibility is that Cox came about as a nickname, from the English word 'cock' (rooster). At the Battle of Hastings, a Norman knight named Alric was given the name 'Le Coq' for his strutting around the battlefield, which was also passed to his descendants and has sometimes been anglicised to Cox.

Alternative variations of the name Cox

Cox, Cocks, Cokes, Coxe, Coxs

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Where do most Coxs live?

In 1921, most Coxs lived in London.

Census records trace your ancestors through each generation, so you can follow where your relatives lived through each decade.

Interesting facts about Coxs

How common is your surname?

59th most common surname in the UK

We have 479,000 records for the Cox surname. The oldest one dates back to 1538.

Who were Coxs most likely to marry?




Our Marriage record sets tell us which families married Coxs.

What are the most common Cox first names?

  • John
  • William
  • Mary
  • Elizabeth

Our birth record sets tell us the names of Cox family members

Common jobs for Coxs

Men and women often performed different types of jobs, so these are displayed by gender to maintain their historical accuracy.

Common Female occupations for Coxs in 1921




Domestic Servant


General Servant Domestic


General Servant


Common Male occupations for Coxs in 1921
Agricultural Labourer


General Labourer


Farm Labourer




Coal Miner


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