Search now

Here's how to overcome nine common house history research challenges: our expert's top tips

5-6 minute read

By Guest Author | March 28, 2024

why can't I find who lived in my house?

What problems could you face when exploring the history of your house? House history expert Melanie Backe-Hansen has the answers and the solutions.

Researching the history of a house can be an amazing adventure. Peeling back the layers of time to reveal the stories of former owners and occupants through each generation and answering the questions of ‘Who lived in my house?’ and ‘What is the history of my house?’. It can also inspire a new appreciation of your home and your place in its history.

Search for your street

Fast-track your discoveries with address search

But, what do you do if you hit a wall? Much like family history or any other historical research, you may come across gaps in surviving records or challenges in researching the different sources. Luckily, these house history challenges can be overcome. I'm here to help you through with some tips on how to hurdle those pesky brick walls.

1. Changing names and numbers

When researching house history, you should work backwards from confirmed details, such as the details of when you purchased the house or perhaps you have details of names of former owners in the Title Register or Title Deeds from the Land Registry.

One of the key reasons for working backwards is that house names and numbers change, as well as street names and parish and town boundaries. Tracing house history backwards using tithe maps and other family history resources will help to reveal when these changes occurred.

In addition, some earlier historical records often don’t record an address at all. You may find that your research will turn to tracing the names of owners and occupiers.

2. Owner or occupant?

It is also important to remember that until the 20th century, most owners were not the same as the occupants and most people rented their homes. So, different records will reveal who was living in the house, while others will record who was the owner.

3. Not everything is online

In recent years, an increasing number of Record Office documents have been digitised and become available online, from maps, census returns, directories, and rate books. Despite this progress, there are still many records that need to be viewed in the archives. Don’t worry - this may add an extra challenge, but you will find your way.

4. Location, location, location

One of the first things that will help guide your research and provide clues as to the history of your house is to look at local history. There are several local studies online, including the Victoria County History, which will provide clues as to the development of your area. Perhaps the area grew around a local industry or after the introduction of the railways, or perhaps part of post-war development. It may also reveal details of a prominent local landowner or lord of the manor, which will reveal clues as to the former owner.

Other similar sites can also provide clues as to the parish or district in which your house belonged (it might not be the same today) and details of sources available. It is also worth looking into local history societies and whether they have any specific resources and guides.

5. Electoral register issues

If you don't have much luck with an initial address search, you may be able to find your house by searching by the area and location, while also discovering the ward where your house will be listed.

Electoral registers ww1 and ww2

Also, remember that it has only been since 1928 that everyone over the age of 21 could vote (and then over 18 in 1969). Before this, electoral registers were divided into sections based on the eligibility to vote (many provide an index at the beginning). These can provide fantastic extra details, including the owners, who may have been living elsewhere, as well as details of lodgers (and how much rent they were paying).

6. Making sense of censuses

UK census records (1841-1921) are vital tools for revealing details of former residents, recording all the occupiers of a house on census night every ten years. They not only provide the name of the head of the house, but everyone, including children, servants, and lodgers.

However, searching by address can be tricky. This can often be because when the enumerator filled in the census, they did not record the address – in some cases, entire villages do not have any clear address recorded.

This is where a bit of detective work will be necessary. Firstly, confirming the right parish and district will direct you. Often the first page will have a description of the district and the streets that were covered, but if this is not included, you can look for familiar names you’ve gained by looking at other sources, such as directories, while also looking out for local landmarks that might be recorded, including the nearby pub, vicarage, or stately home.

7. What's in a name?

As mentioned, several sources may not be available online or perhaps searching by address is a challenge, so an alternative to fill in gaps and piece together more of the puzzle is by searching by name. After all, the history of houses is also the history of the buildings' occupiers.

If you have found names of former residents and owners in the records, particularly electoral registers, rate books, directories, and census returns, you can start searching by personal names. This can guide you to other records, including rate books, probate indexes and wills, which can provide further clues. Also, try a range of other sources that list addresses, including passenger lists and newspapers. These will all provide further clues and guide your research further.

8. Can't find records? Try maps

Several useful maps can be viewed online, particularly the Ordnance Survey maps, which provide detailed maps from around the 1860s and 1870s and then periodically through to today.

 historical maps with the FIndmypast family tree.

With Findmypast's family tree builder, you can visualise where past generations with handy historical maps.

These can be a fantastic start if you have a Victorian or Edwardian or even inter-war home, but you’re not sure when it was built. By looking at the different maps, you can narrow down the likely construction date based on when the house and street appear on the map. Other towns and cities will have other maps that go back earlier than the 1860s and these can be used if your house is older.

9. Clues in catalogues

Many county record offices and archives are constantly improving their online catalogues, so although it may not be possible to visit or to view documents, you can discover details from the online catalogues to help guide your research. The National Archives Discovery search will also provide further details for some areas and they too may have relevant details for your house (some of which can be downloaded).

Discover your home's history with Findmypast

Researching the history of a house can be an adventure and, while it may require some detective work, the rewards outweigh the challenges.

You don't need to live in a castle or listed building for your home to have a vivid and eventful history. Done right, your house history research can give you answers to those burning questions of ‘Who lived in my house?’ and ultimately, ‘What is the history of my house?’

About the author

Melanie Backe-Hansen

Melanie Backe-Hansen is an independent historian, writer, and speaker, who specialises in researching the social history of houses throughout the United Kingdom. Melanie is a research consultant for A House Through Time and to accompany the series, Melanie has co-written a new book,A House Through Time (Picador, 2020) with historian David Olusoga. She is also the author of House Histories: The Secrets Behind Your Front Door and Historic Streets and Squares: The Secrets on Your Doorstep.  She is a member of the Royal Historical Society and an honorary teaching fellow at the University of Dundee.

More on this topic:

Share this article

About the author

Guest Author